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3 Common Medical Emergencies: Know How To Handle Them

It’s not uncommon when you come across a situation where someone around you may suffer from a medical emergency like a heart attack or a stroke. And in such an emergency, you should know how to react. Many people are hesitant to get involved not because they do not want to help. It’s because they do not know what to do. Read on to know what to do in such situations!

You should always call for help. But do not let the victim fall asleep or convince you it’s not needed! It’s better to be safe than sorry. Paramedics and such professionals are trained to react in situations where there might not be a problem at all – just some concerned people not taking any risk with your life!

So, here we share 3 of the most common kind of “attacks” someone can get, and how you can help to keep them stable till they get medical attention.

1.Stroke

A stroke results from damage to the brain from interruption in blood supply.  There are many kinds of strokes but there is nothing much you can achieve by categorising them when somebody is having one right infront of you. Instead, try and help them.

Symptoms:

1) Blurred or double vision, temporary vision loss
2) Difficulty in speaking, slurred speech
3) Reduced sensation of touch
4) Mental confusion, headache or the inability to understand
5) Balance disorder, fatigue or vertigo

What To Do:

1) If they are not breathing, CPR should be performed. If there is difficulty in breathing, loosen ties and scarves
3) Make sure they are comfortable with the head slightly raised and supported in case of vomit
4) Don’t give anything to eat or drink as they may damage their teeth
5) Take note of the symptoms so you can accurately describe to medical help when it arrives

2.Heart Attack:

 A heart attack is when oxygen fails to reach the heart. It can be one of the most terrifying things to happen to a person as the symptoms can be quite subtle and the aftermath can be very dangerous.

Symptoms:

1) Chest discomforts like intense pressure or sensation of squeezing.
2) Unexplained shortness of breath.
3) Pain radiating to the upper left arm and jaw.
4) Lightheadedness and unexplained fatigue.

What To Do:

1) Calm the person down, make them sit or lay.
2) Make them chew and swallow an aspirin(if they are not allergic) as it prevents the clot in blood vessels from getting bigger and gives the body a chance to break down the blood clot.
3) Perform CPR if the breathing stops.

Seizure: 

Seizures are sudden, uncontrollable disturbances in the brain. There isn’t much you can do to stop a seizure once it starts. But you can help protect someone from the harm.

Symptoms:

1) Short spells of breakout or confused memory.
2) Becomes stiff and unresponsive to instructions and questions.
3) Erratic movements and uncontrollable muscle spasms.
4) Drooling or frothing at the mouth.

What To Do:

1) Keep other people and sharp and hard objects away.
2) Guide them away from threats like traffic and stairs.
3) Do not feed them – could damage their teeth.
4) Time the length of the seizure to report to the paramedics.

Use these tips to save a life! 🙂

 

 

 

 

 

 

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